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The truth may have been obscured by antagonism between the Wiesenthal organization and German military intelligence. Alte semnificații ale ODESSA În afară de Organizarea Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, ODESSA are alte sensuri. Odessa è situata su alcuni rilievi collinari che si affacciano su un piccolo porto, a 31 km a nord dell'estuario del fiume Nistro ed a 445 km a sud di Kiev.Il clima della città è di tipo temperato secco. An underground network called "Die Spinne" (The Spider) supplied false papers and passports, safe houses, and contacts that could smuggle war criminals across the un-patrolled Swiss borders. Odessa) er kendt som "Sortehavets Perle", og er det administrative center i Odessa oblast.Odessa er en vigtig havneby, ud over Odessa havn, er der en vigtig international olieterminal i forstaden Juzjne.Mod syd-vest ligger endnu en stor havn i byen Illitjivskij.Sammen udgør de et stort transportcenter med integrerede jernbaner. Der fiktive Thriller von Regisseur Ronald Neame ist eine Verfilmung des gleichnamigen Romans von Frederick Forsyth und beschreibt die Jagd eines Hamburger Journalisten auf einen Kriegsverbrecher und ehemaligen KZ-Kommandanten. Hinter der Bezeichnung Organisation ODESSA oder Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen (andere Schreibweisen Odessa, O.d.e.SS.A oder O.D.E.S.S.A.) Some countries may not have known about their new immigrants' pasts, but many did and chose to look the other way. Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen ("Organizácia bývalých príslušníkov SS"), skr. Others, including the United States, looked to exploit the knowledge of Nazis. Het bestaan van deze club wordt officieel ontkend maar er zijn door de jaren heen voldoende feiten bekend geworden dat er wel degelijk een SS-netwerk bestond … Dünya Savaşı sonlarına doğru SS subaylarının kurduğu uluslararası Nazi kuruluşu. ODESSA (niem. Namnet hämtades från den forntida grekiska kolonin Odessos.Under guvernören Armand Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu, senare fransk statsminister uppfördes här en stad, som 1814 hade 35 000 innevånare. Fascist countries, such as Spain under Franco, as well as those in South America, became safe havens. The main escape routes were (1) through Austria and Italy, then to Franco’s Spain, (2) to Arab countries of the Middle East, and (3) to South America, especially Argentina and Paraguay, then under the right-wing regimes of Juan Perón and Alfredo Stroessner. Le groupe Odessa (Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, "Organisation des anciens membres SS") aurait été fondé à la … The establishment of the state of Israel after World War II led some Arab nations to welcome Nazis who shared their hatred of the Jews in the hope they would use their experise in areas such as rocketry to tilt the balance in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Many Germans began to anticipate defeat and to plan for that eventuality. Many who were guilty of war crimes escaped with the help of Odessa. Fonds wurden von den Nazis eingerichtet um ihre Vorhaben zu finanzieren. 400 S., 22 Euro). Die Akte Odessa ist ein britisch-deutscher Film aus dem Jahr 1974. Odessa grundades 2 september 1794 på land som 1789 annekterats av Kejsardömet Ryssland från Osmanska riket.På platsen för staden fanns då endast ett enklare fort, uppfört 1764. Acestea sunt listate în partea stângă de mai jos. This organization was called the "Organization Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen" ( "The Organization of former SS members) — better known as Odessa. Some war criminals remained in Germany and took on new identities, managing to get themselves smuggled out of Germany and to freedom during the chaos at the end of hostilities. ODESSA, je tajná organizácia pomáhajúca bývalým nacistom uniknúť justícii. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Odessa-German-organization. Dès 1968, le roman Magie noire à New York de Gérard de Villiers citait une organisation similaire. Updates? ODESSA'nın amacı savaş sonrası savaş suçu işlemiş üst düzey Nazi Partisi yetkilileri ve üyelerinin Latin Amerika ve Orta Doğu'ya kaçmasını gizli yollardan sağlamaktı. What does ODESSA mean? Influential Nazis vanished as they were secretly ushered out of Germany and assisted in starting new lives under false names in foreign countries. Fondé en 1945. Geografia fisica. ODESSA (tam ad: Organisation der ehemaligen/entlassenen SS-Angehörigen, Türkçe: Eski SS Üyelerinin Örgütü) II. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). underground, founded probably in early 1947 in Germany. Odessa (acronyme de : Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, « Organisation des anciens membres SS ») est une organisation fictive devant son nom au roman de Frederick Forsyth Le Dossier Odessa (The Odessa File, 1972).Dès 1968, le roman Magie noire à New York de Gérard de Villiers citait une organisation similaire. ODESSA, the Organization of Former SS Members ("Organization Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen"), was an organization founded in 1944 with the express purpose of helping Nazi members flee Europe and escape justice. ODESSA je zkratkové slovo pro německý název Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen - Organizace bývalých příslušníků SS, která dodnes, ale především v období po druhé světové válce umožnila mnohým příslušníkům SS uniknout potrestání a zajistila jim beztrestnost a pohodlné živobytí. Leading Nazi officials also feared retribution from the Allies and, rather than face likely punishment for their war crimes, they decided to seek safe havens outside Germany, and beyond the reach of justice. Definiţie în limba engleză: Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen . Ofrecen productos con un beneficio social de muy alto impacto y han probado tener un poder muy grande en la mejora económica de nuestros trabajadores y sus familias. The nation's wealth, much of it acquired through the plunder of the nations it invaded and the people the Nazis murdered, had to be transferred so they would be out of judicial reach, but accessible to fund a future movement to resurrect the party and build a new Reich. Once in Italy, the fugitives were out of danger, and many then dispersed around the globe. As early as 1947, Simon Wiesenthal began to identify routes used by Nazis to escape from Germany knowing that the fugitives had little or no difficulty obtaining false papers and seemed to have enough money available to establish new lives. On August 10, 1944, a secret meeting of top German industrialists and bankers was held at the Maison Rouge hotel in Strasbourg to devise a means of insuring a secure future for the Nazis. Those in jail contacted friends and aid committees that had been established to promote the welfare of prisoners. Among those attending were coal tycoon Emil Kirdorf, Georg von Schnitzler of IG Farben, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, steel magnate, Fritz Thyssen, and banker Kurt von Schroeder. ODESSA hjälpte Adolf Eichmann, Erich Priebke och många andra att finna en fristad i Latinamerika. Odessa stands for the ‘Organisation der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen’, in English — ‘Organisation of Former SS Members’. Odessa, abbreviation of Organisation Der Ehemaligen Ss-angehörigen, (German: “Organization of Former SS Members”), clandestine escape organization of the SS (q.v.) By 1944, it was clear that the fortunes of war had turned against Nazi Germany. ODESSA stands for Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen. Odessa (acronyme de : Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, « Organisation des anciens membres SS ») est une organisation fictive devant son nom au roman de Frederick Forsyth Le Dossier Odessa (The Odessa File, 1972). (gjermanisht Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen), shqip (Organizata ish-anëtarëve të SS), i referohet një rrjeti e përbërë nga kriminelë lufte të periudhës naziste të arratisur. Once into Switzerland, they moved on quickly to Italy, using what some called "The Monastery Route." At the end of the war, only a handful of high-ranking Nazi officials stood trial. ODESSA, the Organization of Former SS Members (“Organization Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen”), was an organization founded in 1944 with the express purpose of helping Nazi members flee Europe and escape justice. Odesa, russisk: Одесса, tr. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hauptgeldquellen dieser Fonds waren: Leichenplünderung (Aktion Reinhardt), Geldfälschung (Operation Bernhard) und Spenden der Wirtschaft. Roman Catholic priests, especially Franciscans, helped Odessa move fugitives from one monastery to the next until they reached Rome. According to the protocol from the meeting: The party leadership is aware that, following the defeat of Germany, some of her best-known leaders may have to face trial as war criminals. Odessa ceased to exist about 1952 and was replaced by an organization called Kameradenwerke (“Comrade Workshop”), which over the following decades sought to aid former Nazis overseas in avoiding capture and maintaining concealment. ODESSA: Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS Angehörigen letteralmente “organizzazione degli ex appartenenti alle SS” è stata l’associazione di ex SS hitleriane creata per organizzarsi la latitanza. Odessa, abbreviation of Organisation Der Ehemaligen Ss-angehörigen, (German: “Organization of Former SS Members”), clandestine escape organization of the SS ( q.v.) In short order, Odessa, built a large and reliable network geared to achieve its ends, and began operations. Whereas Odessa’s work was centred in Germany, Kameradenwerke’s operations were conducted in foreign lands, especially where governments were sympathetic to ultra-right-wing causes, as in Argentina, Paraguay, and Chile. According to Wiesenthal, one Franciscan monastery, Via Sicilia in Rome, was virtually a transit station for Nazis, an arrangement made possible by a bishop from Graz named Alois Hudal. Odessa 'Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen', de organisatie van voormalige leden van de SS. オデッサ(ODESSA)は、Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen(元ナチス親衛隊隊員のための組織、Organisation for ex-SS Members)の略称である。 目次 1 概要 By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Den 30 september 1946 förklarade krigsförbrytartribunalen i Nürnberg i sitt domslut, att hela SS var en kriminell organisation. Sources: Simon Wiesenthal, Justice Not Vengeance. The name Odessa first cropped up in Western intelligence reports in the aftermath of the war, but today its status as a real group is hotly debated. Die Odessa of ODESSA is ’n kodenaam (van die Duitse naam Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, "Organisasie van Voormalige SS-lede") wat in 1946 geskep is vir ’n moontlike ondergrondse Nazi-ontsnappingsplan aan die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.Dit sou SS-offisiere in staat stel om met vals paspoorte uit Europa te ontsnap na Argentinië, Brasilië en die Midde-Ooste. Vă rugăm să defilați în jos și faceți clic pentru a vedea fiecare dintre ele. Er glaubt beweisen zu können, dass "die ,wahre' Odessa weit mehr war als eine abgeschottete Organisation von … If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of Organisation Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen in English language. underground, founded probably in early 1947 in Germany. The SS (Schutzstaffel): Organization of Former SS Members (ODESSA) ODESSA, the Organization of Former SS Members ("Organization Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen"), was an organization founded in 1944 with the express purpose of helping Nazi members flee Europe and escape justice. Nell’operazione ODESSA anche la ricostituzione del Reich. Adolf Eichmann was one of the most notorious of the Nazis to escape Germany thanks to ODESSA, but he was eventually captured in South America by Israeli Intelligence agents and brought back to Israel to stand trial for his crimes against the Jewish people.

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